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Educational psychology, the psychology used in contexts
where learning occurs, is often aimed at enhancing learning
outcomes. In teaching and school, educational psychology has
played a role in several areas:
1) The psychology of learning has influenced the learning
methods, and has helped to strengthen the desire for
self-activity and mastery in school. Increased focus on
student needs has also had an impact on teacher education in
relation to new teaching methods, development of textbooks
and so on.
2) Differentiation of students is based on results from
educational psychology. Intelligence measurement was first
commissioned by Binet in 1905 to distinguish those children
who were not educated. Ability tests are now used as an aid
in diagnosis and counseling in connection with various types
of learning difficulties. The development of knowledge tests
also has a basis in educational psychology.
3) The educational requirement that school work should be
based on the child, not in the subjects, led to the extended
use of educational psychology in the school by trying to
ensure that subject choices, working methods and discipline
forms correspond to the child's developmental level and
needs. At the same time, you also gain better insight into
the child's means of expression, self-expression and
creative abilities, and its place in school.
4) Educational psychology has changed the view of
children who do not master the school situation. Instead of
treating such children with punishment, one now seeks out
the cause of the difficulty, possibly with the help of
a psychologist or educational-psychological counselors. In
recent years, we have also seen a strong rise in educational
programs aimed at prevention / reduction of behavioral
problems and training of social skills.